We, the organizers of the Conference, wish a very HAPPY NEW YEAR-2015 and greetings to Your Lordship and to all members of Judiciary of Your esteemed country.
2. Kindly refer to our letter dated 25th July, 2014 inviting Your Honour to participate, as Guest of Honour, at the '15th International Conference of Chief Justices of the World on Article 51 of the Constitution of India', which was held from 12th to 15th December, 2014 at Lucknow, India. The aforesaid Article 51 (reproduced above) relates to 'International peace and security' and is only a reference point for indicating subject of the conference.
3. The theme of the Conference was "Uniting the World for Children through Enforceable World Law and Effective Global Governance." In this Conference 130 Chief Justices and Judges from 44 countries of the world (including India) participated and expressed their views on the theme of the Conference. Besides, former Presidents of the Republic of South Africa, Republic of Romania, Republic of Croatia and Republic of Albania also participated in the Conference.
4. The idea behind organizing the Conference is to create world-wide awareness for World Unity and World Peace so as to make this world a better place to live in and in which children of the world and future generations may live in a safe and secure world and may work for advancement of humanity. Children are the common denominator for all countries of the world and the issue of their safe and secure future in a united and peaceful world, is a serious matter which, as you might be aware, is being realized and supported by the intelligentsia. The former Presidents who participated in the Conference fully supported the cause for which the Conference is held.
5. Hon'ble Chief Justices/Judges from 114 countries, who have so far participated in these Conferences, are aware that the organizer of the Conference- the City Montessori School (CMS), Lucknow, India, is a senior secondary school which is recognized by the Guinness Book of Records (Annexure-1) as the world's largest school by pupils in a single city, with presently about 50,000 students on roll. This (CMS) is the only school to have been awarded UNESCO Prize for Peace Education which it received in the year 2002 (Annexure-2).
6. This initiative of organizing these Conferences has been taken by the CMS under its ideal and vision that 'A Modern School must act as a Lighthouse of the Society' providing meaningful education, spiritual direction, guidance and leadership to students in particular and to parents and the society in general and must concern itself with the affairs of the age. The efforts of the City Montessori School for creating world-wide awareness for a better, united and peaceful world have been taken notice of by the United Nations also and the City Montessori School Society has been accorded N.G.O. (Non-Governmental Organisation) status for its association with the U.N. Department of Public Information (UNDPI) (Annexure-3).
7. Your Honour is aware, more than anyone of us here, about serious problems which threaten the very existence of humankind. Inspite of efforts at international level, there has been limited success with regard to preventing wars, reduction of violence, international terrorism, stockpiling of weapons of mass destruction and in relation to many other problems having international ramifications. The present era of globalization has brought new challenges which the present international agencies are not equipped to deal with. Hon'ble Chief Justices and Judges who participated in the 15th International Conference of Chief Justices are aware that, inter alia, these views were expressed by the participants in the Plenary as well as in the Parallel Sessions of the Conference. Taking into consideration views of the participants, draft of a Resolution was prepared and moved in the House in its closing Plenary Session. After deliberations, the Resolution was unanimously passed by the House on 15th December, 2014. A copy of the Resolution is attached for kind perusal of Your Honour (Annexure-4).
8. In this Resolution, the participating Chief Justices and Judges from 44 countries have Resolved as follows:-
"(1) That the United Nations be urged to take effective measures:
(a) to prevent and combat terrorism, extremism and wars waged under any pretext, whatsoever;
(b) to make earnest efforts for elimination of weapons of Mass Destruction.
(2) That the Heads of State/Government of all countries be urged:
(a) to raise in the U.N. the issue of Review of U.N. Charter as required in its Article 109, for which a resolution was passed in the U.N. General Assembly in the year 1955;
(b) to give urgent attention for solving the problem of global warming and climate change, taking into account the need for differential responsibility of nations states and the need for technology transfer and funding by developed countries; and
(c) to hold a high level meeting to deliberate on the measures required for creating an effective global governance structure, including creation of World Parliament leading to establishment of World Government and World Court of Justice with wider jurisdiction, a World Court of Human Rights and the Universal acceptance of the Compulsory Jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice.
(3) That members of World Judiciary be moved:
(a) to promote respect for the dignity of persons which is the basis of all fundamental human rights and freedom;
(b) to move respective governments to arrange for peace education and understanding in schools; and
(c) to promote true respect for all religions."
9. In the International Conferences of Chief Justices of the World held so far since the year 2001, 780 Chief Justice and Judges from 114 countries have participated. In the previous conferences also the participants have endorsed the idea of enforceable World Law applicable to all nation states and also to all peoples of the world and for creation of a World Court of Justice with wider jurisdiction.
10. Your Honour is well aware that a very large section of the world population is deprived of basic human rights, right to live with liberty, dignity and freedom, and is living in abject poverty due to unequal distribution of resources. Hundreds of millions of children are exposed to various abuses due to poverty and are deprived of their various rights. On the other hand, the expenditure on defence by various countries of the world in the year 2013, as per the International Peace Research Institute, Stockholm (SIPRI) was estimated as equivalent to 1.75 trillion U.S. dollars, which comes to about 4.795 billion U.S. dollars per day. Such expenditure deprives humanity of large amount of resources which could be utilized for their well being and development. It is obvious that there is no dearth of resources, only mind sets have to be changed.
11. It is the duty of the present generation to redress and address the problems and issues confronting the world so that we may be able to save humanity from the perceptible problems and issues and may be able to bequeath to our children and future generations, a better inheritance than that inherited by us. It is our bounden duty to create a more united and peaceful world in which our children, children of the world, and future generations may live in peace and security, not in fear, as of now, and may work for advancement of humanity. With this end in view, it is necessary to impart peace education in schools and to promote cultural understanding and brotherhood and respect for all religions. As urged in the Resolution, Your Honour may kindly like to move the Government of your esteemed country in this respect.
12. Lordship, we are sending a letter to Heads of State and Heads of Government of all countries (including your esteemed country) of the world with the request that the views expressed in the Resolution be given serious consideration and supported actively by taking up the issue at Government level of their country. Your Lordship would kindly agree that the present generation has moral responsibility to make this world a better place to live in. By expressing their views in these Conferences of Chief Justices, the World Judiciary has shown the way forward and now it is for the world leadership to lead the world for a better future. Now, therefore, we request Your Lordship to impress upon the Head of Your State and Head of Government to act as per recommendations made in the Resolution passed at the 15th International Conference of Chief Justices and Judges.
13. Jan Tinbergen, a noble laureate in economics, had said "Mankind's problems can no longer be solved by national governments. What is needed is a world government. This can best be achieved by strengthening the United Nations system." Many politicians, scientists, academicians and luminaries in various fields had, in the second half of the last century, expressed their views in favour of changes in global governance and for rule of law. Since then many changes have taken place in this 21st century. In the changing world scenario, organizations have to change, to change their composition and their vision.
14. Your Honour might be aware that the need for review of the UN Charter was anticipated by framers thereof at the time of creation in 1945 of United Nations Organization and provision therefor was made in the Charter itself for its review in its Article 109; but the much awaited review has not been made, obviously due to reluctance of powerful countries who dominate at the global stage. In such a situation it would be necessary to have dialogue and mutual consultations by Heads of State/Government regarding future of humanity and for a united and peaceful world, under rule of law, with effective global governance which may ensure human dignity and advancement. It has been considered expedient that immediate steps be taken by leadership of the world - viz. - the Heads of State and Heads of Government of all countries, to redress and address global problems and issues after mutual consultation in a meeting that may be organized by one of the Heads of State/Government. Needless to say, that this requires courage of conviction and earnest desire to become pioneers of change for emancipation of humanity.
15. The Judges command highest respect in every state owing to their dedication to law, justice, trust, impartiality and regard to universal values and welfare of humanity and their pronouncement are obeyed. Therefore, the present generation has high expectations from Hon'ble Chief Justices that they would raise their voice and motivate political leadership to take up the issue of effective global governance under rule of law.
16. We shall be highly obliged if Your Lordship may kindly take initiative to motivate political leadership of Your esteemed country to take action as required in the attached Resolution passed at the 15th International Conference of Chief Justices. We shall be grateful for your views in this regard so that the same may be considered at the 16th International Conference of Chief Justices proposed to be held on 7th to 13th October, 2015 at Lucknow, India. We shall be highly obliged if Your Lordship may kindly participate, as Guest of Honour, in the ensuing Conference. Formal invitation will be sent as soon as all formalities are completed.
With highest regards,