We, the organizers of the Conference, wish you a very HAPPY NEW YEAR-2015. We also wish and pray for peace and prosperity in, and development of, your esteemed country.
2. In our letter dated 15th July, 2014, we had invited Your Excellency to participate, as Chief Guest, at the '15th International Conference of Chief Justices of the World on Article 51 of the Constitution of India'. The Conference was held from 12th to 15th December, 2014 at Lucknow, India. The aforesaid Article 51 (reproduced at top of this letter) relates to 'international peace and security' and is only a reference point for indicating the subject of the Conference.
3. The theme of the 15th International Conference was "Uniting the World for Children through Enforceable World Law and Effective Global Governance". In this conference 130 Chief Justices and Judges from 44 countries of the world participated and expressed their views on the theme of the Conference. Besides, His Excellency Kgalema Motlanthe, President of the Republic of South Africa (2008-2009), His Excellency Emil Constantinescu, President of the Republic of Romania (1996-2000), His Excellency Rexhep Meidani, President of the Republic of Albania (1997-2002) and His Excellency Stjepan Mesic, President of the Republic of Croatia (2000-2010) also participated in the Conference as Chief Guests. The President of the Republic of Mauritius. H.E. Mr. Rajkeswur Purryag was the Chief Guest at the opening function of the 14th Conference held on December, 2013.
4. The idea behind organizing the Conference is to create world-wide awareness for World Unity and World Peace so as to make this world a better place to live in and in which children of the world and future generations may live in a safe and secure world and may work for advancement of humanity. Children are the common denominator for all countries of the world and the issue of their safe and secure future in a united and peaceful world, is a serious matter which is being realized and supported by the intelligentsia. The former Presidents who participated in the Conference supported the cause for which the Conference is held.
5. The organizer of the Conference- the City Montessori School (CMS), a senior secondary school, is recognized by the Guinness Book of Records (Annexure-1) as the world's largest school by pupils in a single city, with presently about 50,000 students on roll and is the only school to have been awarded UNESCO Prize for Peace Education in the year 2002 (Annexure-2).
6. This initiative of organizing the Conference has been taken by CMS under its ideal and vision that 'A Modern School must act as a Lighthouse of the Society' providing meaningful education, spiritual direction, guidance and leadership to students in particular and to parents and the society in general and that it must also concern itself with the affairs of the age. The efforts of the City Montessori School for creating world-wide awareness for a better, united and peaceful world have been taken notice of by the United Nations also and the City Montessori School Society has been accorded N.G.O. (Non-Governmental Organisation) status for its association with the U.N. Department of Public Information (UNDPI) (Annexure-3).
7. Your Excellency is aware, more than anyone of us here, about serious problems which threaten the very existence of humankind, like proliferation of nuclear weapons, environmental degradation, global warming and climate change, disease, poverty and hunger, international terrorism, ethnic and civil wars, etc. The United Nations Organisation is the largest single organisation working for peace and human rights and is also engaged in humanitarian work through its agencies. Inspite of its efforts there is limited success with regard to preventing wars, reduction of violence, international terrorism, stockpiling of weapons of mass destruction and in relation to other problems having international ramifications.
8. The present era of globalization has brought new challenges which the present international agencies are not equipped to deal with. These views were expressed by the participants in the Plenary as well as in the Parallel Sessions of the Conference. Taking into consideration views of the participants, draft of a Resolution was prepared and moved in the House in its closing Plenary Session. After deliberations, the Resolution was unanimously passed by the House. A copy of the Resolution is attached for kind perusal of Your Excellency (Annexure-4).
9. In this Resolution, the participating Chief Justices and Judges from 44 countries have Resolved as follows:-
"(1) That the United Nations be urged to take effective measures:
(a) to prevent and combat terrorism, extremism and wars waged under any pretext, whatsoever;
(b) to make earnest efforts for elimination of weapons of Mass Destruction.
(2) That the Heads of State/Government of all countries be urged:
(a) to raise in the U.N. the issue of Review of U.N. Charter as required in its Article 109, for which a resolution was passed in the U.N. General Assembly in the year 1955;
(b) to give urgent attention for solving the problem of global warming and climate change, taking into account the need for differential responsibility of nations states and the need for technology transfer and funding by developed countries; and
(c) to hold a high level meeting to deliberate on the measures required for creating an effective global governance structure, including creation of World Parliament leading to establishment of World Government and World Court of Justice with wider jurisdiction, a World Court of Human Rights and the Universal acceptance of the Compulsory Jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice.
(3) That members of World Judiciary be moved:
(a) to promote respect for the dignity of persons which is the basis of all fundamental human rights and freedom;
(b) to move respective governments to arrange for peace education and understanding in schools; and
(c) to promote true respect for all religions."
10. In the International Conferences of Chief Justices of the World held so far since the year 2001, 780 Chief Justice and Judges from 114 countries have participated. In previous conferences also the participants have endorsed the idea of enforceable World Law applicable to all nation states and also to all peoples of the world and for creation of a World Court of Justice with wider jurisdiction.
11. Your Excellency is well aware about the present global scenario which is marked by serious problems. A very large section of the world population is deprived of basic human rights, right to live with liberty, dignity and freedom, and is living in abject poverty due to unequal distribution of resources. Hundreds of millions of children are exposed to various abuses due to poverty and are deprived of their various rights. It is the duty of the present generation to redress and address the problems so that we may be able to save humanity from the perceptible problems and issues and may be able to bequeath to our children and future generations, a better inheritance than that inherited by us. It is our bounden duty to create a more united and peaceful world in which our children, children of the world, and future generations may live in peace and security, not in fear, as of now, and may work for advancement of humanity.
12. According to the International Peace Research Institute, Stockholm, the expenditure on defense by various countries of the world in the year 2013 was estimated as equivalent to about 1,750 billion U.S. Dollars, which comes to about 4.795 billion U.S. dollars per day. Such astounding and blatant expenditure deprives humanity of large resources which could be utilized for their well-being, development and advancement. It is obvious that there is no dearth of resources, only mind sets have to be changed. It was, therefore, felt that the present world scenario demands serious consideration about the need for changes in global governance.
13. Jan Tinbergen, a noble laureate in economics, had said "Mankind's problems can no longer be solved by national governments. What is needed is a world government. This can best be achieved by strengthening the United Nations system." Many politicians, scientists, academicians and luminaries in various fields had, in the second half of last century, expressed their views in favour of changes in global governance under rule of law. Since then many changes have taken place in this 21st century. In the changing world scenario, organizations have to change their composition and their vision.
14. Your Excellency might be aware that the need for review of the UN Charter was anticipated by framers thereof at the time of creation in 1945 of United Nations Organization and provision therefore was made in the Charter itself for its review in its Article 109; but the much awaited review has not been made, obviously due to reluctance of powerful countries who dominate at the global stage. Therefore, it is for the political leadership of the world to take initiative and raise the issue of Review of U.N. Charter as required in its Article 109.
15. The issue of international peace and security needs to be given utmost attention. Then there are other problems having international ramifications. In this year 2015 important decisions have to be taken, especially in regard to global warming and climate change in the meeting to be held in Paris and also in regard to development goals which are to be finalized as the period of Millennium Development Goals sought to be achieved by the year 2015 will expire. It would also be necessary to have dialogue and mutual consultations by Heads of State/ Heads of Government regarding future of humanity and for a united and peaceful world, under rule of law, for effective global governance structure which may ensure human dignity and advancements.
16. We request Your Excellency to kindly give serious thought to the recommendations made by the Chief Justices and Judges, keeping in view immediate global problems and take initiative for convening a meeting of Heads of State and Heads of Government of all the countries of the world on a common platform, other than the platform of the United Nations, on the question of creation of an effective democratic global governance structure with a duly constituted World Parliament to enact Enforceable World Law, World executive and a World Court of Justice with