ARTICLE 51. Promotion of international peace and security :-
The State shall endeavour to —
(a) promote international peace and security;
(b) maintain just and honourable relations between nations;
(c) foster respect for international law and 
(c) encourage settlement of international disputes by arbitration.

     
Clause (c) of the above article refers to "fostering respect for international law" but today there is no legally constituted World Parliament for enacting international laws which would be enforceable on all the countries and peoples of the world.  A law that has no legal sanctity, is not legally enforceable and if it does not carry a penalty for its violation cannot be called a law at all.  In that sense, there is no international law in the world today.  In order to respect the international law, we need to have a legally constituted World Parliament which has the power to frame international laws for the whole world.  International body like the United Nations which runs its activities with the contributions and donations of various countries and which is mostly guided by five veto powers has no power to legislate and its decisions are also openly flouted and ignored by member countries.
      Today, people all over the world, particularly the children are deeply perturbed and fear for their future.  Most people are mortally afraid that the enormous nuclear stockpile of nearly 36,000 warheads, assembled by the seven nuclear countries, will one day end all life on our planet either in a deliberate war or by accident.  The United Nations has proved utterly incapable of stopping this suicidal arms race.  Before the UN came into existence, there was only one country i.e. USA which had the Atom Bomb (a toy Bomb in comparison to the Nuclear Bomb).  Today, we have seven countries with about 36,000 nuclear warheads (see details below):
1. United States has 12,070  nuclear bombs capable of reaching all over the world
2. Russia has 22,500 nuclear bombs with range of 11,000 kms
3. France has 500 nuclear bombs with range of 5,300 kms
4. China has 450 nuclear bombs with range of 11,000 kms
5. Great Britain has 380 nuclear bombs with range of 12,000 kms
6. India has 65 nuclear bombs with range of 2,500 kms
7. Pakistan has 25 nuclear bombs with range of 1,500 kms
Total - 35,990 Nuclear Bombs
In addition, about 80 countries have developed and stockpiled deadly chemical and biological weapons. No country has the technical know-how nor enough money to destroy these weapons of mass destruction.  According to experts twenty times more money and technology will be required to destroy a bomb than was used in its manufacture and just one percent of the existing nuclear stockpile is sufficient to obliterate all life on earth. 
 
Also, Gil Eliot has calculated that about 110 million people have perished in man-made deaths during the first 70 years of the 20th century which includes 38 million soldiers. It means that one out of every 30 inhabitants on earth was killed through government criminality. 
 
It is thus clear that  there is  an urgent need to redeem humanity from its present condition.  It is also equally clear that  only 'a new international political and economic order' can eliminate this huge nuclear stockpiles.   It is in this context that Article 51 of the Constitution of India, specially clause (c), assumes paramount importance.
 
A ray of hope for saving the world :
The provisions enshrined in Article 51 of the Indian Constitution is a beacon and provide a ray of hope for saving the world from the impending nuclear and environmental catastrophe.  Only a legally constituted 'World Parliament' with the power to enact international laws that apply to all countries of the world as well as to all individuals, can provide the much-desired peace and security to the people of the world.
 
Safeguarding the Children's Future :
In 1999, CMS students collected nearly 100,000 signatures of the citizens of Lucknow on an appeal on behalf of children of the world, requesting the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Dr Kofi A. Annan, to safeguard the future of world's children by initiating steps to form a World Government capable of ensuring world peace, eliminating all weapons of mass destruction, protecting the people from international terrorism and conserving the ecology and environment. The appeal also drew the attention of the Secretary General to Article 51 of the Indian Constitution and urged him to request all governments to add a similar provision in their respective constitutions.  This appeal was personally presented on behalf of the children of the world, by the undersigned at the Millennium Forum meeting held at the United Nations headquarters in New York from 22nd to 26th May, 2000.
 
Letter to CMS from Dr. Kofi A. Annan, Secretary General, UNO : 
In his reply to CMS, the Secretary General Dr Kofi A. Annan expressed helplessness of the United Nations. He said that "People all over the world look to the United Nations to protect them - from hunger, disease, violence, and natural disasters - whenever the task seems too big for nations, or regions, to handle alone. But we at the United Nations can do nothing alone, either. Our strength is the strength of our member states, when they agree to act together for the common good.  Next year, leaders from all over the world will come to New York for the Millennium Summit. They will consider the challenges ahead, and what the United Nations can do to face them. Those leaders will be representing you, the peoples of the United Nations. It is up to you to make sure that they come here firmly resolved to take decisions which can lead to a better life for all of us, and for our children ... and I am counting on you all."
 
Letters to World Leaders and U.N. Agenda item 30 : 
Accordingly, we wrote to the Heads of State and Heads of Government of all the countries of the world, requesting them to support formation of a 'new international political and economic order' at the Millennium Summit held at the UN headquarters from 6th to 8th September 2000.  In reply CMS received letters of support from several world leaders including the Prime Ministers of India, Australia, New Zealand, the President of Slovakia and leaders of many other countries. However, at the Millennium Summit itself, no Head of State or Head of Government spoke a word about the formation of a new international political and economic order, even though this was an important item on their agenda (see highlighted portions of the enclosed Agenda item 30 of the General Assembly's Resolution for the 53rd Session, dated 10th May 1999 section 8) which calls for the "establishment of a new international political and economic order".
 
U.N. Resolution and Millennium Forum Declaration :
Earlier the General Assembly through its resolution number A/RES/53/202 dated 12th February 1999, asked the Secretary General Dr. Kofi Annan to consult with the Civil Societies and Non Governmental Organisations before preparing the agenda for the Millennium Summit. (Copy of the U.N. Resolution is enclosed) Accordingly a conference of the civil societies and NGO's was called in New York from 22nd to 26th May 2000 (called the Millennium Forum) which in its declaration also called for strengthening and democratizing the United Nations "leading towards the formation of a new international political and economic order"  
 
Failure of Millennium Summit in its purpose :
Unfortunately, in the final analysis the Millennium Summit failed to come to any concrete conclusion and the participating leaders did not discuss the most vital and crucial item on the Summit's agenda, namely the formation of a new international political and economic order. Most of the leaders only spoke on the issues that concerned their own individual countries and were silent on the most important issue of them all namely the formation of a "new international political and economic order".
 
Surrendering a part of sovereignty to save existence of mankind :
Admittedly, for this to happen countries will have to surrender a part of their sovereignty, but then the choice before us is State sovereignty versus the existence of mankind. It pointed out that the time has come, for all the right-minded individuals of the world to make a sincere endeavour for propagating the spirit of Article 51 of Indian Constitution. 
Building Public Opinion :
Now we are striving to build public opinion in support of a World Parliament through a series of conferences and seminars in the interest of the future of world's children and survival of humanity itself. Accordingly a Roundtable Conference on Article 51 of the Constitution of India was held at CMS Gomti Nagar on 14th January, 2001 which was inaugurated by Hon'ble Mr. Justice Syed Saghir Ahmed, former Judge of the Supreme Court of India. A number of judges and legal luminaries participated in the Roundtable who supported the concept of a legally constituted “World Parliament” as an impartial international law making body that could resolve international disputes through arbitration and legislation.
Encouraged by the success of the Roundtable, CMS organised a Seminar on Article 51 of the Constitution of India on 25th February 2001 at Lucknow, India which was inaugurated by Hon'ble Mr. Justice R. S. Pathak, Former Chief Justice of India and former President of the International Court of Justice and Member of the International Court of Arbitration (The Hague). Hon'ble Mr. Justice Rangnath Misra, Former Chief Justice of India and former member Permanent Court of Arbitration (The Hague) presided over the Seminar and Hon'ble Mr. Justice V. R. Krishna Iyer, former Judge of Supreme Court of India delivered the keynote address. Hon'ble Mr. Justice S.H.A. Raza, Senior Judge of Allahabad High Court (Lucknow Bench) was the Chairman of the Reception Committee, High Court Judges, lawyers, legal luminaries, educationists, social activists and Journalists and many others participated in the seminar. 
The Seminar was followed by the 1st International Conference on Article 51 of the Constitution of India. The participants of the Conference included 
1 Hon'ble Mr Justice K. T. Thomas, Judge, Supreme Court of India; 
2 Hon'ble Mr Justice U. C. Banerjee, Judge, Supreme Court of India; 
3 The Rt Hon Justice Marcus Einfeld, Judge of the Federal Court of Australia; 
4 Hon'ble Dr. Justice Nasim Hasan Shah, Former Chief Justice of Pakistan; 
5 Hon'ble Mr Justice V. Alleear, Chief Justice, Republic of Seychelles; 
6 Hon'ble Mr. Justice Punyadasa Edussuriya, Judge of the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka; 
7 Hon'ble Madam Justice Ms. Consuelo Ynares Santiago, Judge, Supreme Court of Philippines; 
8 Hon'ble Mr Justice E. Balancy, Judge, Supreme Court of Mauritius; 
9 Hon'ble Mr Justice Laxman Aryal, Judge, Supreme Court of Nepal, 
10 Hon'ble Mr Justice Ashok A. Desai, Chief Justice of Uttaranchal High Court (India); 
11 Hon'ble Mr Justice T. S. Misra, Former Chief Justice of Assam (India); 
12 Hon'ble Mr Justice S.H.A. Raza, Senior Judge, Allahabad High Court, Lucknow Bench (India); 
13 Hon'ble Mr Justice I. Venkatanarayana, Judge, High Court of Andhra Pradesh (India); 
14 Hon'ble Mr Justice M.R. Calla, Judge, High Court of Gujarat (India); 
15 Hon'ble Mr Justice P. C. Varma, Judge of the Uttaranchal High Court, (India); 
16 Hon'ble Mr Justice H. N. Tilahari, Judge, High Court of Karnataka, (India); 
17 Dr. Jayampathy Wickramaratne, Presidents' Counsel & Consultant, Ministry of Constitutional Affairs, Sri Lanka; 
18 Mr K. K. Venugopal, Senior Advocate, Supreme Court of India and 
19 Prof Alice de Jonge, Director, Department of Business Law & Taxation, Monash University, Victoria, Australia.
This august gathering too supported the call for a "World Parliament" which alone could safeguard the future of world's children.
CMS is now organising the 2nd International Conference for Chief Justices of the World on Article 51 of the Constitution of India on 23rd December 2001, where the children's appeal will be presented. Eminent Judges, Jurists and legal experts who have already consented to participate in the Conference include the following: 
1 Mr Justice R. S. Pathak, Former Chief Justice of India, Former Judge, International Court of Justice, Member, Permanent Court of Arbitration (The Hague), Hony. Master of the Bench, Gray's Inn, London; 
2 Mr Justice Rangnath Misra, Former Chief Justice of India, Former Chairman, National Human Rights Commission of India, Member, Permanent Court of Arbitration (The Hague); 
3 Mr. Justice Adriea Nyankiye, President, Supreme Court of Burundi; 
4 Mr. Justice Edward Kwame Wredu, Chief Justice of Ghana; 
5 Mr Justice Schofield, Chief Justice of Gibraltar; 
6 Mr Justice K. N. Singh, Former Chief Justice of India; 
7 Mr Justice M. H. Kania, Former Chief Justice of India; 
8 Mr Justice A. G. Pillay, Chief Justice of Mauritius; 
9 Prof Dr Simeon Gelevski, Chief Justice of the Republic of Macedonia;
10 Mr Justice Nasim Hasan Shah, Former Chief Justice of Pakistan; 
11 Mr Justice Saiduzzaman Siddiqui, Former Chief Justice of Pakistan; 
12 Mr Justice Sajjad Ali Shah, Former Chief Justice of Pakistan; 
13 Sir Arnold Amet, CBE, LLD, Chief Justice of Papua New Guinea; 
14 Mr Justice Hilario Davide Jr, Chief Justice of the Philippines; 
15 Mr Justice V. Alleear, Chief Justice of Seychelles, 
16 Mr Justice Vitaliy Boiko, Chairman, Supreme Court of Ukraine; 
17 Mr Justice D. M. Lewanika, Chief Justice of Zambia; 
18 Mr Justice A. R. Gubbay, Chief Justice of Zimbabwe; 
19 Mr K.K.Venugopal, Senior Advocate, Supreme Court of India; 
20 Prof Philip Isley, Secretary-General, Global Ratification & Elections Network, Colorado, USA; 
21 Dr T. P. Amerasinghe, Co-President, Global Ratification & Elections Network, Colombo, Sri Lanka; 
21 Mr Dulal Biswas, Secretary-General, National Federation of Youth Organisations in Bangladesh; 
22 Mr H. M. Sawar Alam, Coordinator, Students & Youth Section of GREN-WCPA, Toronto, Canada.
Appeal to World Judiciary :
Now the 25,000 students of CMS — on behalf of world's two billion children — look up to the Chief Justices of the World representing the World Judiciary, to support their call for convening a legally-constituted "World Parliament" for enacting enforceable international law so that their future may be safeguarded. The voice of a united World Judiciary cannot be ignored and shall have to be heard and obeyed by all. The children approached the United Nations and also the Heads of State and Heads of Government of all the countries but their plea was not heard. If the Judiciary too fails to listen to their cry for help, the very future of mankind itself shall be jeopardy and the world shall probably perish either in a nuclear holocaust or in an eco-catastrophe.