The Conference deliberated on Article 51 of the Constitution of India which says:
ARTICLE 51. Promotion of international peace and security:-
The State shall endeavour to -
(a) promote international peace and security;
(b) maintain just and honourable relations between nations;
(c) foster respect for international law and
(d) encourage settlement of international disputes by arbitration.
(c) of the Article 51 says that the State shall
endeavour to ‘foster respect for international law’
but today there is no international law which may be
uniformly applicable to all the countries and
peoples of the world. A law that has no legal
sanctity, is not legally enforceable and if it does
not carry a penalty for its violation it cannot be
called a law at all. In that sense, today there is
indeed no international law in the world. In the
absence of which there is lawlessness in the world
and various countries of the world are stockpiling
bombs and weapons as they fear for their security
from their enemy countries. Hence there is an urgent
need for a legally-constituted law-making body i.e.
World Parliament, for enacting enforceable
International Laws that are applicable on all the
countries and the peoples of the world. Only a
legally constituted World Parliament can ensure
world unity and world peace and provide to the born
and yet-to-be-born children of the world, their ‘Right
to a Safe Future’.
A highlight of the Conference
was the presentation of an appeal to the Jurists of the world, on behalf of the world's children, asking for their support to the Children's call for a World Parliament. The participating Jurists issued a 'Lucknow Declaration' in response to this appeal.
The Conference was inaugurated by Hon'ble Mr. Justice K. T. Thomas, Judge, Supreme Court of India while Hon'ble Mr. Justice U. C. Banerjee, Judge, Supreme Court of India presided over the proceedings.